1 lb. A type of cowpea, Black Eyed Peas are believed to be native to Africa. They became an important food source in the American South sometime during the 17th or 18th centuries and at some point, they became a traditional good luck meal on New Year's Day. Easy to make and easy to enjoy. Black Eyed Peas are traditionally paired with pork products, like bacon or ham hock, but they also shine in meatless stews and seasonal salads.